American Educated about Outside World
I am the American, and I learned that Japan doesn't yet have a jury system. I recently saw an excellent new movie that takes on Japan's current court system, criticizing it for being highly biased against the accused. It's called Soredemo Boku Wa Yattenai or I Just Didn't Do It, and is by Masayuki Suo, the director of (the original Japanese) Shall We Dance.
This article from today's NY Times talks about Japan switching over to a jury system. I had always assumed that Japan's court system was just like ours, since we pretty much gave them their constitution and all.